WPF: How to mark an input field as not valid

I wanted to add to my input controls a visual clue that tells if the current content of the control is valid.

The visual clue I had in mind was a red squiggly line, similar to the way MS Word underlines my typos.

Why this particular visual clue? Because this is how it is done in MS Dynamics AX,


This left me with two tasks,

1. How to trigger the actual validation.

2. How to change the default WPF visual clue (a red border around the control) to the desired red squiggly line.

How to trigger validation

I thought about using validation rules similar to what Nigel Spencer blogged about. But validation is only triggered when the binding value has changed, while I wanted the visual clue to work even at start-up.

I was not alone with this problem. Willem Meints blogged about this as well as about several other validation problems. He actually wrote a complete validation framework that I found would be too much of a good thing for me. He also wrote that he did not use IDataErrorInfo as it does not provide enough flexibility.

I like to keep things simple, so I opted to use IDataErrorInfo.

Basically, I let the business object I bind to report an error if it is not happy about what the user typed so far. It can be augmented by validation rules, e.g. a user defined NumberRangeValue.

For the simple case, meaning the check for mandatory fields having a value, I use code similar to the following,

public string this[string columnName]
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(columnName))
            return string.Empty;

        if (<this is a mandatory field and has no value>)
            // This is never shown in the UI and does not
            // have to be localized; but if we ever choose
            // to show this text it must be localized!
            return "This field is mandatory.";

        return string.Empty;

Now I need to figure out how to trick the visual of controls to show a squiggly red line instead of the default red border.

How to get the red squiggly line

The TextBlock control can actually do the trick with the red squiggly line with its built-in spell checker. Alas, there is no API to trigger this at will.

Instead I found that the following XAML placed in a Resources section would do the trick,

<DrawingBrush x:Key="squiggleBrush" TileMode="Tile"
        Viewbox="0,0,4,4" ViewboxUnits="Absolute"
        Viewport="0,0,4,4" ViewportUnits="Absolute">
        <GeometryDrawing Geometry="M 0,2 L 1,1 3,3 4,2">
                <Pen Brush="Red" Thickness="1"
                StartLineCap="Square" EndLineCap="Square"/>
<ControlTemplate x:Key="SquiggleError">
<StackPanel HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment=
        <Rectangle Height="4" Fill=
            "{StaticResource squiggleBrush}"/>
For e.g. a combo box I apply this template as follows,
<ComboBox >
DynamicResource ResourceKey=”SquiggleError”/> </Validation.ErrorTemplate>
All this ensures that the red squiggly line is drawn when I want it, and it looks close enough to the real thing,


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